The IPS conducts research for and with novel synchrotron analytics and diagnostics (X-ray imaging, spectroscopy, and scattering). Particular focus is placed on in situ, operando, and in vivo techniques for the characterization of technological and biological processes, with emphasis on materials and processes for energy conversion and transport technologies, nano- and information materials, and imaging in the life sciences.
News / Publications / Highlights
First high-speed hard X-ray microscopic movies at a free-electron laser
At the European X-ray Free-Electron Laser (EuXFEL) in Schenefeld, Germany a research team have demonstrated for the first time the use of Megahertz (MHz) high-speed X-ray laser microscopy to image the rapid microscopic processes induced by laser heating of water-filled capillaries. Their experiments show how processes taking place at speeds up to a few kilometers per second can be studied, paving the way for 3D microscopic movies of similarly fast phenomena, with important potential industrial applications.
August 2019 more
Nanoparticle synthesis in a bubble
Nanoparticles produced by pulsed laser ablation in liquid (PLAL) largely develop in a cavitation bubble. Further insight in the hierarchical interactions is obtained.
Understanding atomic vibrations at interfaces
Propagating lattice vibrations, known as phonons, are responsible for the transmission of sound and heat in solids. In addition, by coupling to electrons and magnons they influence remarkably many materials properties. Due to the broken translational symmetry, the atomic vibrations at interfaces are drastically modified compared to their bulk counterparts.
September 2018 more
X-ray imaging reveals parasitic wasps in fossil fly pupae
Using high-throughput synchrotron X-ray microtomography at the UFO fast imaging station at the KIT synchrotron we have examined a large number of phosphatized fly pupae from the Paleogene geological time-period (66 – 23 Mya) in France in search for parasitic wasps. From our data we could identify 55 parasitation events by four wasp species, providing morphological and ecological data.
August 2018 more